Minimally invasive spine surgery applies innovative methods and advance medical technology to alleviate neck and back pain caused by spinal disorders such as degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, scoliosis, and spinal stenosis. The procedure is done with the aid of computer-assisted technology and very specialized medical tools.
The goal of this type of spine surgery is to decompress or take the pressure off your nerve roots and spinal cord. Pressure buildup in the spinal cord usually pinches the nerve thereby creating pain. Another goal of this method is to stabilize the portion of the spine that is too mobile. A mobile segment of the spine results in abnormal movement thereby causing pain.
The Benefits of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Compared to traditional open spine surgery, minimally invasive spine surgery offers a lot of advantages. Since it is less invasive, the patient has faster recovery times and can go home in a few days after hospitalization. In fact, the average hospital stay for this procedure is less than 2 days. Moreover, the patient suffers from less post-operative pain and less scarring. But more importantly, this type of spine surgery reduces the soft tissue damage, particularly on the muscles. This makes the procedure less risky especially when it comes to blood loss and infection.
Types of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Techniques
Orthopedic surgeons have developed surgical techniques over time with the help of technology. There are three major techniques used to conduct a minimally invasive surgery on the spine as follows:
- Mini-open: This type of procedure is similar to the open procedure but with fewer risks involved as the incision made by the surgeon is very small. This procedure was made possible using advanced visualization techniques.
- Tubular: This method involves the use of a tubular retractor that acts as a tunnel that passes through the back muscles in order to access the spine. This technique is also called “muscle splitting” method but compared with open surgery, there are less muscle damage and little blood loss.
- Endoscopic: Using a very tiny video camera called an endoscope, the camera can pass through small surgical incisions to access the spine. Also called “keyhole surgery,” this type of procedure guides the surgeon by providing an internal view of the body on the video screen inside the operating room
These types of minimally invasive spine surgery are used in different procedures including foraminotomy, discectomy, laminotomy, and laminectomy. To learn more about the different types of spine surgeries we offer and how we can help you please visit www.TheRoboticSpineInstitute.com or to schedule an appointment with one of our highly experienced and reputable spine surgeons in Orange County at The Robotic Spine Institute please call 714.690.2037.